There are various causes of knee pain which can be found in nearly all kinds of sports. Some are more serious than others. The knee happens to be one of the largest joints in our bodies which we use everyday so it is expected that it would be a very common injury. Most knee pain though can be treated effectively at home using non invasive methods. Whatever the cause of your knee pain, it’s probably best to know what kind of knee pain it is in order to treat accordingly. The most common causes of knee pain are listed below.
Arthritis is a degenerative disease that results in a gradual wearing away of the joint cartilage. It is an inflammation of a joint, characterized by pain, swelling and limited range of motion.
Ligament Tears is when one sufferers a fall or trauma to the knee usually resulting in immobility. These injuries are most common in very active sports. Ligament tears are quite dramatic and very painful accompanied with swelling and stiffness.
Tendon Injuries is when the tendon, the fibrous cords which attach muscles to the bones, becomes inflamed and result in pain when one tries to extend the knee. Tendon injuries cause a swelling in front of the knee or just below the knee cap.
Meniscal Tear happens in the cartilage that curves within the knee joint itself and is a very common cause of knee pain. Meniscus tears are often the result of twisting, pivoting, decelerating, or a sudden impact.
Bursitis is knee pain around the joint which is just above the kneecap. This is most common in people who kneel for work, such as gardeners or carpet layers. The knee pain gets inflamed from repeated pressure on the knee, such as kneeling for long periods of time, overuse, or injury.
Knee pain from Chondromalacia, is a slight misalignment of the kneecap in young athletes. Older people get Chondromalacia as a result of arthritis of the knee cap. Usual symptoms are pain and tenderness in the front of your knee which worsen when you sit for long periods or walking upstairs. In some instances you can feel a grinding sensation when the knee is extended.
Runners Knee or Cycling Knee is usually found in runners and cyclists and mostly caused by knee overuse or poor tracking of the kneecap. You will normally feel pain when climbing stair, cycling, running or any other activity that requires movement.
Because most knee pain is caused by simple overuse or overload, it can be treated quite easily at home by using heat and cold treatments. It would be a good idea to temporarily stop the activity causing pain to give your knee a chance to heal. If your knee pain is quite severe and restricting you from doing normal tasks, then talk to your doctor as it might be something more serious.