When the sack containing lubricating fluid in the knee joint becomes inflamed, excess fluid builds up interfering with the lubrication supplied to the knee joints. This disorder affects the knee cap as this is an area where a lot of pressure and friction is experienced when we use our knee joints. Swelling over the affected area restricts free movement of the knees causing knee/leg pain.
Disorders affecting the tissues around the knee joint also are a common cause of knee/leg pain. Inflammation of the cartilage which is the lubricating layer that surrounds the knee joint can lead to severe knee/leg pain.
All arthritic disorders can affect the knee and are a contributor to knee/leg pain as the bones become eroded and the spongy connective tissue around the knee joint wears away. This degenerative process is accelerated in overweight and in elderly people causing mobility issues and severe knee/leg pain.
Some people have found relief from pain through acupuncture, massage therapies, etc. I would recommend that you follow these alternative therapies only in conjunction with a course of prescription drugs (which may be prescribed based on symptomatic assessment by a medical practitioner). Once you get along the treatment cycle for knee/leg pain you can rely more on the therapeutic effects of the alternate treatments and discontinue the oral intake of medicines.
Generally, the exercises that are recommended by a physiotherapist also serve as an effective treatment to ease knee/leg pain. If the pain persists even after the intervention of a physiotherapist, the medical practitioner may recommend some invasive treatment protocols to ease the knee/leg pain. A common invasive procedure is to make the knee numb to remove the excess fluid using a fine needle. This procedure is to be followed by a course of antibiotics to prevent the possibility of any infection.
One of the best ways to prevent the recurrence of knee/leg pain is to give adequate rest to your knee joints and to prevent them from being over stressed. If you are experiencing knee/leg pain for the first time, I advise you to try out a course of over the counter medicines. This has to be supplemented by some lifestyle changes to prevent the symptoms from worsening. To avoid prolonged pressure on the knee joints, you can use a rubber mat if your job requires kneeling for a long time.
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