One of the most common types of arthroplasty is a hip joint replacement in which the hip joint is replaced with an artificial joint. The hip is a ball and socket joint at the top of each leg, the ball at the end of the thigh bone fits into a socket in the pelvis. The diseased ball and socket are replaced by a metal ball, inserted into the femur and an artificial cup socket. This provides the required durability and helps in the process of hip replacement recovery.

The hip has a cavity filled with synovial fluid that acts as a lubricant to reduce the friction between the bones in the hip joint. In a hip recovery replacement surgery, the diseased bone and cartilage are removed and the bones and replaced with artificial parts.

A special cement is used to bond the new parts of the joint to the existing healthy bone. A joint that is not cemented may last longer than cemented replacements as there is no cement to break away, but the hip replacement recovery period is long in such cases. These patients may experience pain in the thigh for several months after surgery. This is one of the reasons why surgeons prefer to use cement in hip replacement surgeries.

An occupational therapist may help you to lead a comfortable life during hip replacement recovery by making a thorough assessment of your personal needs. The therapist will also help you to adapt to your home or working environment by assisting you to improve the strength and mobility of the hip joint.

The therapist assisting in the hip replacement recovery may also suggest some simple adjustments to be made to your working environment like adjusting your office furniture or use some helping devices to make you comfortable while going about your daily routine.

For the hip to function normally (after surgery) and to complete the recovery cycle, you have to follow the steps given below:

• Take steps to prevent blood clots by avoiding sports related activities for a few months after surgery.
• Avoid infection in the affected area as this may prolong your hip replacement recovery.
• You must ensure that you follow a strict exercise program to bring the strength back in the affected joint. The exercises that are recommended in the beginning will be to ensure mobility; the strengthening exercises will follow later in the hip replacement recovery program.

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