In the area of arthritis treatment, particularly the field of stem cells for arthritis treatment, comes another interesting study. Pat Hagan writing in the UK Mail online reported on a study where a team of scientists in Slovenia developed a new implant — called Agili-C — by coating coral with human growth factors, which stimulate the creation of new cells in the body. Experiments have shown that it stimulated the formation of cartilage and blood vessels by attracting a certain type of stem cell — known as mesenchymal stem cells — out from nearby bone marrow on to the scaffold. Results from early-stage animal studies show that after six to 12 months, the stem cells had formed a healthy new layer of cartilage and the coral implants had completely dissolved.

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