The movement of the knee joint is controlled and governed by a specific set of muscles, ligaments and tendons along with the spongy tissues that act as a cushion to protect the joint. Knee injuries and fractures around the linkages of the joints are common in older patients with weak bones. Sportsmen also suffer from knee injuries like ligament and cartilage tear. Arthritis is another major disorder affecting the knee which makes it difficult to bend the leg while walking. These disorders are tackled by medical practitioners by a series known as physical therapy for the knee.
In the early stages of degeneration of the knee joints, your medical practitioner will recommend a course of physical therapy for the knee to strengthen the muscles in the thigh and also prescribe medicines to reduce inflammation and pain. For persons who have a body weight in excess of normal accepted limits, the best strategies to lose weight are discussed by a physiotherapist and a diet high in fruits and vegetables is advised as a part of the physical therapy for the knee program.
When there is swelling and pain in the knee joints and surrounding areas you will be advised to take rest. You also have to make sure that you avoid pressing on your knee when you lie down on your bed or couch. Some people find relief from pain and swelling through a gentle massage. This procedure is all the more effective if you use herbal medicinal oils as an active ingredient in the massaging oils.
The exact number of sessions for physical therapy for the knee that you have to undergo with a physiotherapist depends on the extent of the problem in you knee joints and how long you were suffering from it. To begin with, one to three sessions a week is recommended for lasting results. This is to be followed with weekly treatment protocols until the condition has cleared or at least the general condition of the knee joints have improved or stabilized.
The role of a physiotherapist in administering the physical therapy for the knee programme is very significant. The physiotherapist first studies your medical history to aid in the diagnostic process. The therapist may make you stand, walk and bend and lift heavy objects to observe your posture and check the way you use your knees and to verify if you are following the right techniques (ones that will place the least amount of stress on your knee joints).